Abul Qaasim Hazrat Sheikh Junaid-e-Baghdadi (Radi Allahu anhu)
HIS POSITION IN THE SILSILA : Sheikh alal Itlaaq, Qultbul Istihqaaq, Mamba-e-Israar, Sultan-e-Tariqat, Sayyidut Taaifa, Hazrat Sheikh Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) is the eleventh Imam and Sheikh of the Silsila Aaliyah Qaaderiyah Barakaatiyah Razviyah Nooriyah.
BIRTH : He was born around the year 218 Hijri in Baghdad Shareef.
NAME : His name is Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu). He was known as Abul Qaasim and he was blessed with titles such as, Sayyidut Taaifa, Ta?oosul Ulama, Qawareeri, Zuj?jaan and Lisaanul Qaum.
HIS CHILDHOOD : When he was seven years old, he went to Haramain Sharifain in the company of Hazrat Sirri Saqti (radi Allaho anhu). When they reached the Haram Shareef, four hundred Ulama were seated there, discussing the topic of Shukr (Gratefulness). All of the Ulama presented their views during this sitting. Hazrat Sirri Saqti (radi Allaho anhu) then turned to Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) and said, "O Junaid! You too should say something." He lowered his sight for a few moments, and then said, "Shukr (gratefulness) is this, that you should not be disobedient through whatever bounties Allah has blessed you with, and you should not use it as a means of disobedience and causing distress." On hearing this, all the Ulama said together, "O Coolness of our Eyes. Whatever you have said, is the truth and you are honest in your words, and we cannot say better than what you have said." Hazrat Sirri Saqti (radi Allaho anhu) said, "O My Dear Son! From where did you learn such exemplary words?" Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) said,"This is through the blessing of your esteem companionship." [Masaalikus Saalikeen]
HIS SHEIKH-E-TARIQAT : He is the mureed and Khalifa of Hazrat Sirri Saqti (radi Allaho anhu).
HIS EXCELLENCE : He was a great Aalim Mufti. He was ahead of all in wisdom and eloquence. From the beginning, right up to the end of his life, he was loved by all. Everyone was pleased with him as the leader. There is no person that can point even a finger at the Maqaam of Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu). The only people who could not see the station of Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) were those who were blind in faith.? He was known as the voice of the people, but he always called himself Abdul Masha?ikh (the servant of the Masters). Many of the Ulama also called him Sultanul Muhaqiqeen. He had reached very high levels in Shariat and Tariqat. Many great Sheikhs followed his silsila. He was the greatest Sheikh of his era. He spent time in the khidmat of Hazrat Muhaasibi (radi Allaho anhu). Once someone asked Hazrat Sirri Saqti (radi Allaho anhu) if the Mureed can be more famous than the Peer and Hazrat Sirri Saqti (radi Allaho anhu) said, "Yes, it is possible. The perfect example is right before you. I am the Peer of Junaid-e-Baghdadi, but he is more exalted than me."
HIS CHARACTER AND HABITS: Even though Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) was such a great Wali, he was very humble. He always showed great respect to others, even to those who were not as exalted as him. Once he said to his mureeds, "If only I knew that it was better to read two rakaats of nafil than being with you, then I would have not sat amongst you." He kept fast for most of his life.
BUSINESS : Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) initially did business, and used to sell mirrors. His manner was, that he used to enter his shop, and then read four hundred rakaats of nafil salaah. This, he continue for many years. He then left his shop, and then sat in the khidmat of his Peer-o-Murshid. He took a room in the house of his Peer and then spent his time their cleansing his heart. When he used to enter the state of Muraqiba, he would remove the musalla from under him as he did not wish to concentrate on anything. He only engrossed himself in the love of Allah and His Rasool (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam).? He spent forty years in Muraqiba (spiritual ecstasy). For thirty years, he stood after Esha until Fajr and make Zikrullah. He used to make his Fajr Salaah with the wudhu of Esha. He says, "For twenty years, I did not miss the Takbeer-e-Oola (First Takbeer of Namaaz in Jamaat), and if the thought of any worldly thing during Namaaz, then I would repeat my Salaah, and if? I thought of Jannat or the Hereafter in my Salaah, then I used to make Sajdah-e-Sahw."
HIS EXCELLENCE IN THE COURT OF THE PROPHET (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam): One Buzroog narrates, that he dreamt of the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) was also seated in the Mehfil of the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam). He then saw that a person came and presented a query to the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) and the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) said, "Hand it over to Junaid. He will write the answer." The person then said, "Ya Rasoolallah (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) May my parents be sacrificed at your feet. How can it be given to Junaid in your presence?" The Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) said, ?Just as the Prophets are proud of their entire Ummah, I am proud of Junaid.? [Khazinatul Asfiyah vol.1 pg.86]
Once a Sayyid who lived in Jilan, left home with the intention of Hajj. On his journey, he passed through Baghdad Shareef. He thus presented himself in the Darbaar of Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu). Hazrat asked him where he had come from. He said that he was from Jilan, and was a descendant of Hazrat Ali (radi Allaho anhu). Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) then said, "Your forefather Hazrat Ali (radi Allaho anhu) used to draw two swords. One against the kufaar and Mushrikeen, and the other against his nafs. Which sword do you draw?" When the man heard this, he went into a spiritual state and began to roll on the ground. He then said, "This is my Hajj. Put me on to the path of Allah." Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) said, "Your heart, is the special Haram of Allah, thus you should try to the best of your ability no to allow any non-mahram to enter it." [Kashfuk Mahjoob pg.119]
HIS LECTURES: Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) spent his entire life, serving the Deen of Allah and His Beloved Rasool (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam). Once his Peer-o- Murshid, Hazrat Sirri Saqti (radi Allaho anhu) asked him to deliver a lecture, and he said that he did not find it ethical to lecture in the presence of his Peer. One night, he dreamt of the Holy Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam). Rasoolullah (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) commanded him to lecture. When morning came, he went to his Peer and found that his Peer was already awaiting his presence. As he entered the Khanqah, his Peer said, "W e have all been asking you to lecture. Now the Beloved Rasool (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) has given you the command to speak." He asked his Peer how he had known of his dream, and he said, "Last night I made Deedar of Allah Subhaanahu Ta'aala and I heard a voice which said that the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam) had already commanded Junaid to lecture." He agreed to lecture on condition, that there were not more than forty people in his lectures. It as agreed and he delivered his first lecture. During his first lecture, eighteen people passed away. He then stopped his lecture and went back home. [Kashful Mahjoob pg 201]
A SINCERE MUREED : Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) had various mureeds, but there was one particular mureed, towards whom he paid special attention. A few disciples were not pleased with this and asked him why he gave preference to the mureed over others. Hazrat said that he is the most intelligent and wise amongst all of them, and it was for this reason that he gave preference to him. Hazrat then said, "Let me prove this to you." He gave a chicken and a knife to each mureed, and asked them to sacrifice it where none would be able to see them. Each of the mureeds found a very quite and secluded area, and sacrificed the chicken. This one mureed, came back without slaughtering the chicken. Hazrat asked why he did not slaughter the chicken, and he said, "Huzoor! Where ever I went, I found the Qudrat of Allah present there, and I knew that He is All Seeing. It is for this reason that I had no option but to return without success." Hazrat then said, "Now, did you hear his answer. This is the reason due to which he is so dear to me."
HIS TRUST IN Allah: Once a man presented him with five hundred Ashrafis (coins). Hazrat asked if he had any other wealth with the exception of the five hundred Ashrafis. The man replied that he did. Hazrat said, "Will you ever need any more money in the future?" He said, "Why not Huzoor. There is always a need for money." Hazrat said, "Then you should keep these Ashrafis for yourself, for you are more needy than I am, since I have nothing, and still, I have no need for anything more. Even though you have wealth, you are still in need of more. I would really appreciate it if you would please take back this money, as I do not take from those who are in need themselves and I believe that My Lord alone is the Ghani and the rest of the world are faqeers."
HIS KARAAMATS : Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) says, "The greatest Karaamat is to remain firm on the Shariat-e-Mustafa (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam)." There is no doubt, that Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) was very firm on the Shariah, and his every action was the reflection of the Sunnah of the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam).
HAZRAT BEING AWARE OF HIS MUREEDS CONDITION : There was a mureed of Hazrat who used to live in Basra. He once intended to commit a sin. The moment this thought entered his heart, his entire face turned black. When he looked into the mirror, he was amazed to see his condition. He was very ashamed and stayed in doors. After three days, the blackness disappeared and his face returned to its original colour. On the same day, a person delivered a letter to him, which was from His Peer-o-Murshid, Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu).? When he opened the letter, he found the following written inside, "Keep your heart in control, and remain respectfully as a servant (of Allah). For three days and three nights, I had do to the job of a laundryman, so that I may wash away the blackness of your face." [Masaalikus Saalikeen]
A FIRE WORSHIPPER: Once a Majoosi (fire worshipper) put on a Zanaar (a so-called sacred thread worn by fire worshippers), and then disguised himself as a Muslim, but putting on the arabian garb. He then presented himself before Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) and said, "I have come to ask the meaning of a Hadith Shareef, which says, "Itaqu bi firaasatil Mo'min Fa In?nahu yanzuroo bi Nooril'laahi" (Fear of the sight of a true believer, for he sees with the Noori of Allah). "Could you explain the meaning of this Hadith?" Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) heard his questioned and smiled. He said, "It means that you should break your zanaar, leave kufr and accept Islam." When he heard Hazrat?s reply, he was astonished, and immediately recited the Kalima Shareef and accepted Islam. [Tazkiratul Awliyah pg.233]
PROTECTION FROM SHAITAAN : Once, there was a mureed of Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu), who felt that he had perfected himself (become Kaamil). He thus, began to live in total seclusion. At night, he used to dream an Angel, which used to present a camel for him. He used to then sit on the camel, and the Angel would take him on a journey of Jannat. He used to enter a place that was very beautiful. He used to partake in delicious food and drinks, and he saw the most handsome people there. After a while, he would return to his home. He reached such a state, that he began to tell people, "I am amongst those who visits Jannah daily." The is message reached Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu). Hazrat then went to visit him, and found him sitting with great pomp and splendour. Hazrat asked him about his claims, and he explained everything in detail. Hazrat said, "Tonight, when you reach this place, you must read Laa Howla wa Laa Quwwata il?la Bil?laahil Aliyil Azeem" That night, when he had the dream and he reached the so-called Jannat, he read as Hazrat instructed him to. The moment he read this, all those in his dream began to shriek and flee from him. He then sees that he is on a horse, and there are skeletons in front of him. On seeing this, be became afraid, and realised his mistake. All that he was seeing was just an illusion of Shaitaan. He immediately rushed to Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) and repented for his behaviour. He also learnt, that for mureed to be by himself is like taking poison.
HIS JALAAL : Due to his piety and knowledge, Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) became very famous in Iraq. There were however those, who were jealous of his fame. They continuously made accusations against him, and also complained against him to the Khalifa. The Khalifa said that they could not do anything to him as long as there was no evidence against him. The Khalifa then said that he had a purchased a very beautiful slave girl, whose beauty outshone all the women of the city. He thus commanded that she be dressed in the most beautiful clothes and adorned with precious pearls and diamonds.
Once she had been dressed, he called her and said, "I want you to go to where Junaid is and remove your veil from over your face and tell him that you want to be his, and that you have become weary of the world. All that you want is to live with him, and for him to help you to gain closeness to Allah." The Khalifa then appointed a servant to go with her, so that he may be witness to whatever may transpire. The woman presented herself before Hazrat and removed her veil, saying what the Khalifa had commanded.
Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) looked up at her once and said something. The woman, could not bear the sight of the Jalaal of Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) and fell to the ground and passed away. When this message reached the Khalifa, he was very sad. He said, "Some people say things about the Masha?ikh which they should not say. The Sheikh has reached a level that he is able to see that where our sights can not venture." [Shajratul Kaamileen pg.153/154]
GEMS OF WISDOM : Some of his beautiful and wise sayings are being presented, so that we may read and make amal upon them.
*A Sufi is like the earth, that all the dirt is thrown onto him and yet it blossoms into a green pasture. *A Sufi is one, whose heart is like Hazrat Ibrahim (alahis salaam), that it is free from the love of the world and one which is always ready to obey the commands of Allah, his acceptance should be like that of Hazrat Ismaeel (alahis salaam), his sadness should be like that of Hazrat Dawood (alahis salaam), His patience like that of Hazrat Ayoob (alahis salaam), his eagerness should be like that of Hazrat Moosa (alahis salaam) and in Dua, his sincerity should be like that of The Beloved Rasool (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam). *Tasawwuf is that which kills you and lives by itself. The most powerful relationship, is that of the servant to his Creator, when he tries to understand the secrets of Tauheed, and all roads are sealed to the creation, except the road of the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam). * Do not follow him, who follows the Quran and leaves the Prophet (Sall Allaho alaihi wasallam).
HIS KHULAFA : Some of his most respected Khulafa are : Hazrat Abu Bakr Shibli, Hazrat Mansoor Abraar, Hazrat Shah Muhammad bin Aswad Dinoori and Hazrat Shah Ismaeel Al Aziz (ridwaanullahi ta aala alaihim ajmaeen).
WISAAL : When Hazrat became aware of his passing away, he asked for those present to assist him in wudhu, which they did. They had forgotten to make khilaal of his beard, so he reminded them of this. He then went into Sajdah, and began to weep. "O our Peer! You have sent before you so many good deeds and heaps of obedience. What is the purpose for this Sajdah?" He said, "Junaid has never been in so much need as he is now." He then began to recite the Quran, so one mureed said, "Hazrat! Are you reciting Quran Shareef ?" Hazrat said, "What better time is there than now, when my book of deeds will soon be close. I am seeing my deeds before me, hanging in the air by a thin thread as it sways from the wind blowing against it. I am not sure if this wind is one of union, or one of absolution. On one hand, I am seeing the Angel of death, and on the other hand, I am seeing the Pul Siraat. There is the Most Supreme Judge, and the path is there. I am not sure of which path I will pass through." After saying this, he completed the recitation of the Quran. He then read seventy verses of Surah Baqarah. Those present asked him to chant the words "Allah, Allah" He said, "Why I you reminding me. I have not forgotten." He then began reading the tasbeeh on all his fingers. When he reached the Shahaadat finger (index finger), he lifed his finger and said, "Bismil laah hir Rahman nir Raheem" He then closed his eyes, and the soul left his body, allowing him to travel from this mundane world into the Glorious hereafter.
After his wisaal, he was given ghusl. Those giving ghusl wished to put water on his eyes, when they heard an unseen voice saying, "Do not touch the eyes of my beloved, since those eyes that have closed in my remembrance, shall not open before they see me." They then tried to open his fingers, and the voice said, "Those fingers that have been closed in my name, shall only open on my command." [Masaalikus Saalikeen vol.1 pg 308].
Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu) passed from this world, on a Friday, the 27th of Rajab, 297 or 298 Hijri.
MAZAAR SHAREEF : His Mazaar Shareef is in a place called Shaunizia, which is in Baghdad Shareef. Once someone asked Hazrat Abu Bakr Shibli (radi Allaho anhu) a masla (religious query) whilst he was at the Mazaar of Hazrat Junaid-e-Baghdadi (radi Allaho anhu). He said, AI feel ashamed to answer in front of the Mazaar of Hazrat as I felt ashamed to answer in his presence, for I still feel that his sight is upon me.
AFTER HIS WISAAL : After his wisaal, a pious person dreamt of him and asked about the questions of the Angels Munkar and Nakeer. He said, "The Angels came to me and asked who is my Lord, and I smiled and said, ?My Lord is He, Who took the pledge from me on the first day, thus what need is there for me to answer to the servants, after I have already answered tot he King. They Angels then left me and said, 'He is still drowned in love and is resting in the same love.'?
Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi (R.A)says that Sufism is founded on eight qualities, generosity, acquiescence, patience, symbolism, traveling (strange hood), woolen dress, pilgrimage hood and faqr (poverty).
- the generosity of Abraham (may blessings of Allah be on him), who offered his son for sacrifice;
- the acquiescence of Ishaq (may blessings of Allah be on him), who submitted to the command of Allah to give up his life;
- the patience of Ayub (may blessings of Allah be on him), who patiently endured the affliction of worms and the jealousy of the Merciful;
- the symbolism of Zakarriya (may blessings of Allah be on him), to whom Allah said,thou shalt speak to no man for three days but with signal.?(Q 3:41) and again to the same effect, Behold! He cried to his Lord in secret.?(Q 19:3):
- the traveling (strange hood) of Yahya (may blessings of Allah be on him), who was a stranger in his own country and an alien to his own kin;
- the wearing of wool by Moses (may blessings of Allah be on him), who wore woolen garment throughout;
- the pilgrimage hood of Jesus (may blessings of Allah be on him), who was so detached therein from worldly things that he kept only a cup and a comb. He threw away his cup when he saw a man drinking water through use of palms of his hands, and the comb likewise when he saw another man using his fingers to dress his hair;
- the poverty of Muhammad (peace be upon him), to whom Allah Almighty had given the keys of all the worldly treasures saying: "Lay no trouble on you, but procure every luxury by means of these treasures;?and he answered: "LLord, I desire them not, keep me one day full-fed and one day hungery.?